Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven–what does “poor in spirit” mean?

Matthew 5:3

Poor (in spirit) means:


1) reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms 2) destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour 2a) lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches 2b) helpless, powerless to accomplish an end 2c) poor, needy 3) lacking in anything 3a) as respects their spirit 3a1) destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ’s teaching and prove themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure) Spirit means: Pneuma: 3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel

        3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived
             as inhabiting the bodies of men
        3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest
             angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
4) of God
    4a) God's power and agency distinguishable in thought from his
        essence in itself considered
        4a1) manifest in the course of affairs
        4a2) by its influence upon the souls productive in the
             theocratic body (the church) of all the higher spiritual
             gifts and blessings
5) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one

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