Submit to the state (Government)? (Romans 13)—What does this mean and is the word “government” in the text?

Jesus was accused of perverting the nation and failure to give tribute

The correct words in English, translated from the appropriate Greek words are:  higher powers, not government.  See below the first two verses of Romans 13 and the showing of the correct Greek words.

It is dangerous listening to modern so-called men of the cloth who speak behind pulpits because so few of those behind pulpits engage in critical thinking or look at the culture and history at the time specific verses in the Bible were written. Richard Duke

From the website:

“I suggest Peter’s words to the governing authorities of his day would violate Romans 13 if what we read in our modern translations is accurate:

But Peter and John answered and said to them, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to give heed to you rather than to God, you be the judge; for we cannot stop speaking about what we have seen and heard.” (Acts 4:19-20 NASB)

So too of Jesus who repeatedly disobeyed the authorities’ rules by healing on the sabbath, among other things.

Throughout the early years, it was secular governments that persecuted Christians. Even today, in governments allegedly elected by the people to serve people, we see prayer removed from our schools, marriages perverted, and limits placed on what we are permitted to call sin. These governments, supposedly elected to serve the people are actually serving to benefit the bankers and large corporations at the expense of the people—and we’ve done little to oppose it. Why? Was it because we led to believe that “good” Christians are to be in subjection to “governing authorities”? Is this not a conflict in which master we serve? To submit to government is to surrender our God-given unalienable rights. Too many of those rights have already been given up to a government, who by law should be our public servant, not our superior.”

Jesus was accused of perverting the nation and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar:
Luke 23:2:
2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he Himself is Christ a King.

So Jesus was accused of sedition against the state and failure to pay tribute.

I [Richard Duke] am working on the first 8 verses of Romans 13 (I did this previously but cannot find; and this time I will post on my blog so I can find next time),  Here are the first two verses—note especially the real meaning of “damnation”a totally incorrect word coming from English BiblesThe correct meaning of the inappropriate word “damnation” from the Greek (Krima) means condemnation, etc. from a judge, etc.  In other words, Paul was warning that one should stay out of trouble with higher powers such as government because God will not protect you from their decisions against a person [Paul was not protected; and the counts against Jesus were for sedition against the state and failure to pay tribute:

Romans 13:

1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher [huperecho] powers [exousia]. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained [tasso] of God.

Huperecho means:

1) to have or hold over one

2) to stand out, rise above, overtop

2a) to be above, be superior in rank, authority, power

2a1) the prominent men, rulers

2b) to excel, to be superior, better than, to surpass

Exousia means:

1) power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases

1a) leave or permission

2) physical and mental power

2a) the ability or strength with which one is endued, which

he either possesses or exercises

3) the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)

4) the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will

and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)

4a) universally

4a1) authority over mankind

4b) specifically

4b1) the power of judicial decisions

4b2) of authority to manage domestic affairs

4c) metonymically

4c1) a thing subject to authority or rule

4c1a) jurisdiction

4c2) one who possesses authority

4c2a) a ruler, a human magistrate

4c2b) the leading and more powerful among created beings

superior to man, spiritual potentates

4d) a sign of the husband’s authority over his wife

4d1) the veil with which propriety required a women to cover


4e) the sign of regal authority, a crown

Tasso means:

1) to put in order, to station

1a) to place in a certain order, to arrange, to assign a

place, to appoint

1a1) to assign (appoint) a thing to one

1b) to appoint, ordain, order

1b1) to appoint on one’s own responsibility or authority

1b2) to appoint mutually, i.e. agree upon

Whosoever therefore resisteth the power [exousia], resisteth the ordinance [diatage]

of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation [krima].

Diatage means:

  • a disposition, arrangement, ordinance

krima means:

1) a decree, judgments

2) judgment

2a) condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild)

which one passes on the faults of others

2b) in a forensic sense

2b1) the sentence of a judge

2b2) the punishment with which one is sentenced

2b3) condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence

3) a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court

For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:

For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.

Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God’s ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.

Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.


The Myth of Romans Chapter 13–Pastor Chuck Baldwin


The Day Jesus Deliberately Disobeyed The Higher Powers: A Review of John 9 – Sermon by Chuck Baldwin [Second of the series: Christ and the Pharisees]


Chuck Baldwin – Romans 13: The True Meaning of Submission

What does the Bible say about brute beasts as civil rulers? — Pastor Chuck Baldwin


Christian Idolatry: The Worship Of Government – Sermon by Chuck Baldwin


Jesus was accused of perverting the nation and failure to give tribute


What does the Bible say about brute beasts as civil rulers? — Pastor Chuck Baldwin


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