The New Testament was written in Greek. See examples.

Biblical/language scholars state that English is the worst language they know of in the world to translate from Hebrew and Greek. I have found during my many years of checking English words that the English language is more times than not misleading as to the meaning of a Scripture and Scriptures. Richard Duke

Please understand that the Greek language, from which the New Testament was written, contains two basic tenses:

  • the perfect past tense; and
  • the present active tense.

However  Greek has several other tenses, as shown below:

Kind of Action and Time of Action for Each Verb Tense
Tense Name Kind of Action Time Element (In Indicative Mood)
Present  Progressive (or “Continuous”) present
Aorist  Simple (or “Summary”) Occurrence past
Perfect  Completed, with Results past, with present results
Imperfect Progressive (or “Continuous”) past
Future  Simple Occurrence future
Past Perfect Completed, with Results past
Future Perfect Completed, with Results future

Generally two basic Greek tenses are used: perfect past tense; and present active tense, showing that actions were not an event but continuous-ACTIVE.

Examples of the perfect past tense include:  He was crucified.   By one sacrifice He became…

Examples of the present active tense (that most of the New Testament was written in originally—in Greek) include: we must be denying the psuche (soul) and taking up our cross; those who are belonging to Jesus are crucifying the sinful nature with its passions and desires (Galatians 5:24).

Here are two examples of verses that include both the perfect past tense and the present active tense:

Hebrews 10:14: 

For by one sacrifice [perfect past tense] He is perfecting forever those who are being made [present active tense] holy (sanctified).


Hebrews 5:9:

And having been made perfect, He became to all those who are obeying Him the source of eternal salvation;


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